'english'에 해당되는 글 7건

  1. 2013.09.16 <Speaking of Net Neutrality> Book Information
  2. 2013.09.16 NNUF Actions - etc
  3. 2013.09.16 NNUF Actions - Press Release
  4. 2013.09.16 NNUF Actions - Action
  5. 2013.09.16 NNUF Actions - Lecture and Seminar
  6. 2013.09.16 NNUF Actions - Forum
  7. 2013.09.16 Introducing Net Neutrality User Forum (NNUF)

<Speaking of Net Neutrality> Book Information

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Author Net Neutrality User Forum

9 volunteers’ co-writing & illustrating and lots of people’s review in Forum

Co-author

  1. Summerz (summerz@gmail.com)

Blogger
Co-founder of “ournet.kr”
Member of “slownews.kr”
CEO of Koinlab Inc.

  1. Minoci (skymap21@gmail.com)

Blogger (www.minoci.net)
Co-founder of “ournet.kr”
Member of “slownews.kr”

  1. KANG, Jeong-Soo (berlinlog@gmail.com )

Ph.D.

Researcher, Communication Research Institute of Yonsei - University
Blogger (www.berlinlog.com)

  1. Jang, HyeYeong(superrabbit@me.com)

Multi-media Artist, Internet Activist

  1. Park Lee, Se-Yoon

Visual Artist, Internet Activist, Member of “slownews.kr”

  1. Kim, Borami (squ24n@gmail.com)

Attorney of Law, a Member of the Korean Bar Association,
Adjunct Professor, Korea University Law School

  1. CHUN, Eung-Hwi (ehchun@gmail.com)

Executive Director, The Green Consumer’s Network, Chairperson of OpenNet
Consumer Activist

  1. KANG, Jang-Mook (mooknc@gmail.com or redsea@dongguk.ac.kr)

Ph.D.

Professor, Electronic Commerce Research Institute of Dongguk University
CTO, Korea Institute for Evaluation in Technology and Management

  1. OH, Kil-Young (eclaw@hanmail.net)

Ph. Jur.

Professor, Dept. of Police Administration, Shingyeong University


Table of Contents and Abstract



Introduction


Net Neutrality User Forum Introduction p.8

Co-author Introduction p.18

Recommendation by Chun, Kilnam p.22

Prepace by Jang, Hyeyoung p. 26

Cartoons “Mango” (Mango means a cat to guard the network, the symbol of Net Neutrality User Forum) by Park Lee, Se-Yoon p.36




End Users Raise Issues


Telecom Companies and Their Gangs (Summerz) p.48


Many people don't know what net neutrality is and why it is so important. People even don't care about it because it seems that net neutrality is simply a matter between wireless telecommunications companies and some content providers. Furthermore, it looks so difficult to understand. In fact, it's not. It's so easy to comprehend what net neutrality means if you see the ex parte history of Korean wireless communication, which was written by the strong bond between wireless telecommuncation companies, newspapers and the regulator.


We Are the 'End-user': Internet Governance from the Perspective of Net Neutrality User Forum (Minoci) p. 68

The issue of Net neutrality is the battle between those who have the network - internet service providers, ISP - and those who have not - end-users. We are all end-users, while ISPs are very few. The few are trying to control all. The government should act as a reasonable moderator, but it does not. Even it supports the ISPs. This is completely wrong. As modern democratic states recognize the sovereignty of their people, the rights of the end-users must be exercised on the Internet. The Net Neutrality User Forum is established for that. And this is the Internet governance. Power to the End-User!


Net Neutrality from Economics Perspective


Pricing structure and Transparency on Wireless Internet Network Market (Kang, Jeongsoo ) p.96


Achieving social consensus and economic rules of the Internet is the first step to ensure innovation and sustainable development of the Internet. This article examines economic aspects of net neutrality in the context of a two-sided markets model and the rent-seeking theory.


Net Neutrality from Regulation Perspective


Problems on Korean Net Neutrality Debates (Kim, Borami) p. 120


One of the biggest problems with the net neutrality issue in Korea is that telecom companies and the regulators (Korean Communications Commission, KCC) have argued that they don’t have to disclose any information related to policy decision-making processes until recently. To examine these problems, we first review the basic technological principles of the Internet and the current situations in the US and the EU regarding net neutrality, and then analyze the problems with the laws currently in force in Korea: the Korean Telecommunications Business Act. The Korean Telecommunications Business Act prescribes the "principle of no unreasonable blocking and no unreasonable discrimination" to be able to be applied to the net neutrality issue. Given the situation in Korea where broadband carriers are classified as common carriers, and the fact that Korea’s telecommunication industry is oligopolistic, application of ex-ante regulation based on the Telecommunications Business Act is a necessity. But KCC declared that the settlement of the net neutrality issue should be left to the market. The "Net Neutrality User Forum(NN User Forum)" have asked KCC several times to allow them to participate in the policy decision-making process and to provide related information. However, KCC denied the requests saying that it didn’t keep any records of the advisory meetings which have been held as many as 38 times. Moreover, KCC released controversial "traffic management policy" documents in hard-copy form ,deliberately, to make it difficult to spread. So NN User Forum had to convert the hard-copy documents into digital documents by typing and posting them to our blog: nnforum.kr. As soon as the KCC discovered the documents online, an official from KCC ordered not to disclose the documents and to delete the posting. NN User Forum have emphasized that the KCC should be open and transparent. It is a very important factor regarding the net neutrality issue.


The Evolution of Internet Ecology & The Issue of Internet Interconnection in Korea: In the Context of Net Neutrality Policy Discussion (Chun, Eung-Hwi) p.156


How to sort out the problem of the explosive increase in data traffic on the internet network depends on which pattern of internet interconnection and financial settlements could be adopted. However, due to this phenomenon of data traffic increase, network enterprises are trying to justify the necessity of network traffic management and moving away from the principle of net neutrality. Moreover, in Korea, internet connectivity service providers with their own backbone network have been classified as common carriers which need to be regulated by governmental authorities since 2004. Accordingly, the structure of internet interconnection has also been formed by the government on the basis of government rules for interconnection because interconnection was a duty of common carriers, although there was already a neutral internet exchange service initiated by a public organization beforehand. Consequently, internet backbone markets, including internet exchange and internet connectivity service markets of ISPs, and even the server farm market, have been monopolized and vertically integrated by three large incumbent backbone providers. Due to these reasons, even though content or application providers have sufficed the demands of end users, those ISPs which retained the major content or application providers including so-called search service or portal service companies, could not get the status of peering with large-size backbone networks. Still most content and application service providers are paying off part of the transit fees of their ISPs depending on their occupied bandwidth of the leased lines. And mostly, the ISPs are also backbone providers and their server farms are usually these ISPs’ affiliated companies. Naturally most of the costs have maintained the level of monopoly pricing. Nevertheless, recently, those network entrepreneurs are arguing the need for a price rise on the pretext of data traffic increase. But, in the cases of other countries with an unregulated market competition environment, those patterns of internet connectivity have changed into “partial transit” and/or “paid peering” as data traffic has increased. And even in such conditions, the additional pricing of “paid peering” has never been beyond the level of transit fee in a competitive market. Therefore, despite the increase in data traffic, a transit fee rise or artificial network management can not be justified even in distorted market conditions formed by governmental regulation. Rather, natural evolution of internet connectivity pattern and the introduction of a new financial settlement mechanism should be sought.


Net Neutrality from the Perspective of Privacy


Technological debates on Net Neutrality and DPI (Kang, Jangmook) p. 194


I deal with the threat of invasion of privacy which is caused by DPI (Deep Packet Inspection, also called complete packet inspection and Information extraction) in this chapter.

Especially I focus on why the Internet is damaged by this specific function - or service - of DPI based on technologies, i.e. scan port, stateful packet tool, packet loss or drop, packet delay, Ethernet sniffer or wireless sniffer, protocol analyzer or packet sniffer, etc.). As the Internet has been included in other communication services such as IP-TV, broadcasting, mVoIP, cable TV, telephone, and radio, the Internet monitoring technology is easily abused to surveille citizen’s private life. This chapter is all about how the feature and the fundamental of that technology are contrary to the freedom of the Internet at its beginning, why we should keep internet neutrality, and how important DPI Policy of Privacy is.


On the Illegality of DPI in the Net Neutrality Context (Oh, Kil-Young) p.224


DPI(Deep Packet Inspection) issue has mainly been considered as a matter of packet-wiretapping so far. That is why it might seem to be slightly unusual to connect DPI and net neutrality issue together. However, these days DPI is not just a simple technical issue since DPI have variously been adjusted and adopted for several purposes to abuse network. Now where massive network abuse and violence appear it is easy to find DPI related issues. Net neutrality violation is no exception either. DPI explicitly shows its indiscriminate and violent nature related to the issue. This chapter consists of two parts: First, the seriousness of DPI issue is discussed with some illustrations and metaphors. And then technical explanation of DPI and legal interpretation follow. The last part analizes how DPI actually violates the principles of the internet and the constitutional order.


Questions Left



Cartoon : Net Neutrality Love Story by Jang, Hyeyoung p.252


Index p.264

Terminology p. 272

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NNUF Actions - etc

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1. Held an official meeting with Yang Moon Seok (KCC executive member of Committee) for Prompt Settlement of blocking mVoIP service, 7th March 2012.


2. Held a meeting for preparation of NNUF,19th March, 10th, 14th, 20th April 2012.


3. Held an official meeting with Yoo Seung Hee & Choi Jae Cheon, members of ‘Standing Committee on Culture and Broadcasting’ of National Assembly, 12nd, 21st July 2012.


4. Held a specialist’s discussion for IT policy agenda setting, 4th October 2012.


5. Held a discussion hosted by Choi Jae Cheon(Congress Man, Standing Committee member on Culture and Broadcasting), 10th, 11st August 2012.


6. Held a workshop for net neutrality publication, 23th 24th November 2012.


7. Filed an information disclosure of KCC’s meeting material on net neutrality, 3rd December 2012.


8. Held a specialist panel discussion to legislate ‘net neutrality principle’ by revising Telecommunication Business Act, 14th December 2012.


9. Publicated <Speaking of Net Neutrality>, 5th February 2013.


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NNUF Actions - Press Release

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1. Refuted telecommunication companies’ stance against the accusation on mVoIP blocking, 5th December 2011.


  • Refuted to the mobile carriers’ opinion

  1. Blocking mVoIP service is based on the service contract terms that KCC have approved.

  2. Voice call is exclusive service with which only licensed telecommunication company can provide.

  3. Blocking the service is necessary for management of heavy internet traffic


2. Submitted NNUF’s official opinion over KCC’s Net Neutrality Guideline, 14th December 2011.

  • NNUF claimed that discrimination of new application service such as mVoIP violates net neutrality principle.

  • NNUF also claimed that KCC should disclose internet traffic statistics, operate advisory committee publicly.


3. Presented NNUF’s official opinion on Korea Telecom’s blocking Smart TV service, 9th February 2012.

  • NNUF claimed that KT should stop blocking Smart TV service because it violates ‘Guideline on net neutrality’ as well as ‘Telecommunications Business Act.’

  • NNUF also claimed that Government should punish KT immediately and deal with the accusation with regard to mVoIP blocking.


4. Pressed KCC for prompt settlement of blocking mVoIP and Smart TV service, 14th February 2012.

  • NNUF claimed mVoIP and Smart TV should be treated equally.

  • NNUF also claimed that KCC should disclose internet traffic statistics the major reason on which telecommunications company have insisted to justify blocking of mVoIP service.


5. Asked KCC publicly on mVoIP blocking , 14th March 2012.


6. Announced three ‘main issue point of net neutrality,’ 8th, 9th, 10th May 2012.

  • 1st issue point: permitting consumers to use mVoIP service only on high price calling plan

  • 2nd issue point: additional network construction cost and burden sharing

  • 3rd issue point: unlimited data plan and the role of KCC


7. Announced official opinion over the general permission mVoIP service of LG U+, 13rd June 2012.

  • NNUF welcomed LG U+ permitting consumers to use mVoIP service regardless of data plan.

  • NNUF announced that mVoIP service does not hinder social welfare.


8. Presented NNUF’s official opinion KCC’s “Model Internet Traffic Management,” 13rd July 2102.

  • NNUF took the opposite stance on KCC’s model internet traffic management because it is neither clear nor impartial.


9. Announced the stance on mVoIP and MVNO market


  • Refuted an argument that mVoIP serviced does result in profit loss of MVNO

  • Raised a question on unfair terms of contract between telecommunication company and MVNO provider and exorbitant rent for using network.


10. Asked KCC publicly its authoritative opinion of blocking mVoIP service, 25th July 2012.


11. Announced NNUF’s official opinion on each presidential candidate’s IT policy, 12dn September 2012.

  • Asked each Democratic Unity Party (DUP) presidential candidate the stance on IT policy

  • Each and every candidate supported net neutrality principle and opposed the blocking P2P traffic policy


12. Announced “18th President Election; Policy Recommendation on IT for Information Democracy,” 23rd October 2012.


  • IT Policy Recommendation for Democracy of information and Fair Trade


1. Guarantee of net neutrality


Net neutrality principle should be guaranteed in order for any telecommunication company neither to discriminate among application services nor to deteriorate quality of the particular service. End-user has the right to choose any content, application or service freely over the internet. NNUF will initiate an end-user oriented ‘net neutrality act’ legislation.


2. Assessment of telecommunication service fee and information disclosure obligation


Citizen has the right to know fair and competitive telecommunication service fee. The Communication Committee of Korea should carry out the assessment of current telecommunication charge level independently by outsourced independent expertise utilizing information submitted by telecommunication companies. KCC also has the obligation to disclosure the assessment information publicly.


3. Abolishment any administrative censorship


Korea Communications Standards Commission should abolish its administrative censorship which freezes free speech and also has a high possibility of being abused as political persecution.


4. Magnifying the role of Personal Information Protection Commission(PIPC) of Korea


For PIPC to perform protection role on personal information properly, NNUF claims that PIPC should not only have the right to investigate and make corrective measures, but the independence and discretion on budget and human resource planning.


5. Abolishment of excessive copyright regulation and guarantee of end-user’s right


In order for copyright not to hinder free speech, creation and innovative service development, NNUF argues the scope of non-commercial fair use to be broadened. Excessive regulation on copyright such as filtering obligation on particular online service provider such as web storage service and three -strike out policy on copyright infringement should be abolished.


6. Abolishment of SIGN KOREA certification policy


Digital Signature Act regulating SIGN KOREA, which is not consistent with global standard, should be abolished.


7. Strengthening independence, expertise and transparency of Korea Communication Commission


To guarantee independence and publicity of broadcasting and communication, KCC should focus on setting public policies as well as regulating role and transfer its industry promotion role to the ministry in charge of industry. NNUF claims that KCC to have an institutional framework for performing its roles independent from real politics and strengthening its transparency and openness.


12. Urged abolishment of ‘Internet real name verification system’ on Public Official Election Act, 12nd November 2012.


13. Asked three major presidential candidates about IT policy and announced assessment of His or Her IT Policy, 21st November 2012.



(i) Park Keun Hye : Her policy resembles that of the former government, does not reflect social reality.

(ii) Moon Jaein : His policy advocates free internet but detailed policy does not fit in this motto.

(iii) Ahn Chul Soo : His policy is most innovative but lacks details





Park Keun Hye

Moon Jaein

Ahn Chul Soo

Guarantee Net Neutrality

Etc.

For

Etc.

Telecommunication Fee Assessment

and Obligating Information Disclosure

Etc.

For

For

Abolish Administrative censorship

Etc.

For

Etc.

Magnifying PIPC’s Role

Against

For

For

Abolishment of excessive copyright regulation

Etc.

For

Etc.

Abolish SIGN KOREA

Against

For

Etc.

Strengthening independence, expertise and transparency of KCC

Etc.

For

For


14. Announced NNUF’s official opinion on KCC’s “Model Internet Traffic Management,” 29th November 2012.

  • NNUF opposed the Model because it does not reflect the opinion of general public or end users.

  • KCC reserved to adopt the model until gathering the opinion of general public.


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NNUF Actions - Action

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1. Filed an inspection KCC for its dereliction of duty to Board of Audit and Inspection of Korea , 12nd July 2012.

  • KCC overlooked the accusation on telecommunication companies (SK Telecom and KT) for blocking mVoIP service.

  • KCC approved mobile phone service contract terms that enable telecommunication company to block mVoIP service.

  • KCC overlooked KT’s blocking Smart TV service.


2. The first ‘Internet Hall of Shame; Internet real name verification policy’, 3rd November 2012.

  • NNUF held the ‘Internet Hall of Shame’ Award Ceremony at Internet Festival named ‘스릉흔드'.

  • The award is designed for public to remember the people who contributed to make a bad internet policy (Internet real name verification policy), which caused negative effect on end user’s rights to use internet freely.


  • Winner:


Jin Dae Jae (directed the policy)

Lee Sang Bae (proposed the bill)

Won Hee Ryong (took a leading role to publicize)

Byun Jae-il (took a leading role to resolve the bill)

Ra Bong Ha (took a working level role)



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NNUF Actions - Lecture and Seminar

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(1) Lectures


1. 1st lecture on net neutrality, 22nd May 2012.

  • History of Regulations on Telecommunication (CHUN, Eung-Hwi, Chairperson of OpenNet)

  • Influence of Net Neutrality on Internet Innovation (Chung, Jessie Jeong, General Manager of Daum Communications)

2. 2nd lecture on net neutrality, 29th May 2012.

  • Telecommunication Regulation and Fair Trade(Kim, Keechang, Korea University Lawschool professor, Director of OpenNet)

  • Influence of Internet Traffic Management on Human Right (Kang, Jang-Mook, Professor, Electronic Commerce Research Institute of Dongguk University)


3. 3rd lecture on net neutrality, 5th June 2012.

  • movie <Brazil> review (hosted by Kim Jaehwan, movie director of “Truemat Show”)


(2) Seminars


1. 1st open seminar on net neutrality, 20th August 2012.


  • Restoration of Erased Voice; We are all End Users (Minoci, member of Slownews)

  • Future of Democracy & Economy; it turns on Net Neutrality (Kang Jeong-soo, Researcher, Communication Research Institute of Yonsei – University, Director of OpenNet)


2. 2nd open seminar on net neutrality, 20th September 2012.


  • Net Neutrality Principle; which became degenerated in Korea (Kim Borami, Attorney at law, Director of OpenNet)

  • Net Neutrality Policy of Global and Local Telecommunication Companies (Summerz, CEO of Koinlab, member of Slownews)

  • Net Neutrality and Internet interconnection matters (CHUN, Eung-Hwi, Chairperson of OpenNet)

3. 3rd open seminar on net neutrality, 27th September 2012.


  • History & Future of Net Neutrality Technology and Privacy (Kang, Jang-Mook, Professor, Electronic Commerce Research Institute of Dongguk University)

  • DPI(Deep Packet Inspection) abuse and its illegality (Oh Kil-Young, Professor, Dept. of Police Administration, Shingyeong University)


4. Seminar for publication on net neutrality, 12nd & 18th, October, 2nd & 5th November 2012.


5. Net Neutrality and Human Right to Information Seminar, 17th December 2012.


  • History of Internet Governance (Kim Borami, Attorney at law, Director of OpenNet)

  • Issue on DPI Model Document (Kang, Jang-Mook, Professor, Electronic Commerce Research Institute of Dongguk University)

  • Legal issue over DPI(Oh Kil-Young, Professor, Dept. of Police Administration, Shingyeong University


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NNUF Actions - Forum

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1. 1st forum: “How to deal with the matter of telecommunication company’s blocking mVoIP service and their need for burden sharing of network management cost,” 3rd May 2012.

  • Chair: Koo Bon Kwon (Online Editor of the Hankyoreh)

  • Panel: Kim, Keechang(Korea University Lawschool professor, Director of OpenNet), Kim Sungcheon (Korea Consumer Agency), Kim Hyuk (Seoul Broadcasting Sytem), Lee Yong-Gook(CJ Hello Vision), Han Jong Ho(NHN)


2. 2nd forum: “Internet Traffic Management; what is the problem?,” 9th July 2012.

  • Chair: Kim, Keechang (Korea University Lawschool professor, Director of OpenNet)

  • Panel: Kang Jang-Mook (Dongguk University), Lee ByungSeon (Daum communications), Lee JeongHwan(Media Today), Oh Byung-il(Korean Progressive Network JinboNet), Yoon WonCheol(KINX)


3. 3rd forum: “Internet Traffic Management; invasion of privacy?,” 6th September, 2012.

  • Chair: Kang Jeong-Soo (Researcher, Communication Research Institute of Yonsei – University, Director of OpenNet)

  • Presentation: Technical issues of Internet Traffic Management (Kang, Jang-Mook, Professor, Electronic Commerce Research Institute of Dongguk University)

  • Panel: Yi, Chang-Beom(Korea Internet Law Association), Jang Yeo Kyong(Korean Progressive Network Jinbo net), Summerz(Ournet.kr)

4. Open forum: Controversy over ‘Voice Talk (mVoIP service)’ of Kakao Talk and Net Neutrality, 14th June 2012.

  • Chair: Koo Bon Kwon (Online Editor of the Hankyoreh)

  • Panel: Kim Keechang(Korea University), Park SeokChol(Seoul Broadcasting System), Lee SeokWoo(Kakao Talk), CHUN, Eung-Hwi(OpenNet), Jo SeongJoo(Youth Community Union)


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Introducing Net Neutrality User Forum (NNUF)

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Rapid spread of smartphones has caused considerable changes to ICT(information and communications technology) environment globally. The changes has brought into massive internet traffic and spreading of new application services such as mVoIP(mobile Voice over IP) that utilizes mobile internet among mobile devices smartphones, tablets and etc. There have been lots of policy debates regarding how to manage heavy internet traffic, which has threatened the ‘openness’ of internet.


To cope with the challenge, Korean government enacted ‘Guideline over Net Neutrality and Management of Internet Traffic’ in 2011. The guideline contains the scope and details of internet traffic and mVoIP service management. Korea Communications Commission (KCC), in charge of ICT policy of Korea, also organized ‘Net Neutrality Policy Advisory Committee,’ as well as ‘Task Force for mVoIP Policy,’ for establishing net neutrality policy.


Korean telecommunication companies, which have oligopolistic power on network service, have discriminated mVoIP service as well as Smart TV service by blocking or degrading the service without any reasonable cause only for the purpose of maintaining their monopolistic profit. Notwithstanding any discrimination on contents, application services or devices could ultimately harm end-user’s welfare, Korean end-users have been excluded not only from accessing information regarding official net neutrality policy debates but participating in the legislative proceedings concerning net neutrality.


11 civic organizations(*) and end-users have gathered together to organize an advocacy group, the ‘Net Neutrality User Forum(NNUF),’ for publicizing net neutrality issue and participating in legal proceedings regarding the issue in a way of reflecting end user’s interest.


To promote public discourse on net neutrality, NNUF have held many meetings and fora including three fora, three public lectures, an open forum, three open seminars as well as a citizen’s request. NNUF will hold more forums regarding ‘internet governance’ while embarking on civil legislation movement to legislate ‘net neutrality act’ and filing an information-disclosure law litigation.


(*) Citizen’s Coalition for Economic Justice, Citizen’s Coalition for Democratic Media, Democratic Legal Studies Association, People’s Coalition for Media Reform, OpenNet, OurNet Korea, Korean Progressive Network Jinbonet, People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy, Young People’s Coalition for Economic Democracy, Korean Womenlink Fair Media, Citizen’s Action Network.


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